September 25, 2008

Relation between Urban Morphology and Heat Vulnerability in the City of Chicago

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the health impact of excessive heat events increases the incidence of mortality and morbidity in affected populations. Modern examples of such events include the heatwaves in France that took the lives of 15,000 citizens in summer of 2003 and the severe heat waves that hit the greater Chicago Metropolitan Area back in 1995 resulting in over 700 deaths. This study aimed to identify risk factors that render particular parts of communities vulnerable to heat waves, electricity outage, and urban heat island effect with a perspective of urban morphology in the City of Chicago, Illinois.