Projects

December 1, 2020

Critical Review and Gap Analysis of Impacts from Pavements on Urban Heat Island

The objective of this study is to identify knowledge gaps regarding the scientific understanding of UHI and effective mitigation measures, with a focus on the use of cool pavements. We first reviewed scientific papers, reports, and online articles published in the past decade to summarize recent scientific advances in cool pavements. We reviewed existing efforts […]

October 27, 2020

IRF members partner on asphalt pavement engineering research

Arizona State University’s Schools of Engineering and FORTA Corporation, a Pennsylvania-based leader in the synthetic reinforcement fibers industry have announced a partnership to support further research into the resilience of pavements. Patrick Sankey, president & CEO of the IRF, has saluted the partnership between FORTA Corporation and Arizona State University.   Here is the link […]

August 3, 2020

What’s Cooler than Cool? Cooler Pavements for Urban Heat Island Mitigation

TRB is hosting a series of Urban Heat Island recordings in July and August 2020. Part 1 provided an overview of the UHI phenomenon. Presenters explored why cities and agencies are looking to reduce the UHI effect and what the current understanding of UHI is. They also quantified the impact of pavements on UHI. The videos are available. Presenters: Kamil Kaloush, Arizona State University […]

April 24, 2019

Understanding the Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies and Their Implementation

Please consider taking a survey on “Understanding the Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies and Their Implementation”. The survey was developed by the National Center of Excellence for SMART Innovations at Arizona State University (ASU), with support from the National Asphalt Pavement Association. The survey seeks to obtain information and qualitative perspectives on UHI and proposed […]

March 14, 2012

Porous Asphalt Pavement Temperature Effects on UHI

Recently, the NCE completed a study for the Asphalt Pavement Alliance (APA) on asphalt pavement temperature effects on overall Urban Heat Island (UHI) with focus on characterizing porous asphalt mixtures. A paper summarizing the study was presented at the Transportation Research Board meeting in January 2012. Excerpts of the study are presented as follows. Please […]

April 21, 2009

Guidebook on Climate, Energy & Urbanization

Climate, Energy, and Urbanization: A Guide on Strategies, Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Development in the Desert is a comprehensive resource tool for those interested in learning about and implementing new concepts into the way we plan, design and build our cities. Focused on two of the most pertinent issues for our desert metropolis – […]

September 25, 2008

Nanoparticle-Filled Liquid Fuels for Efficient Energy Conversion

Nanofuels exhibit great potential for increasing the combustion efficiency of liquid-fueled engines, because of their enhanced thermal and mass transport properties, their higher volumetric heating value relative to pure liquid fuels, and the extremely high surface-area-to-volume ratio of the energetic nanoparticles. Nanofuels, or nanoparticle-filled liquid fuels, are one type of nanofluid, i.e., a nanoscale colloidal […]

September 25, 2008

Solar-Powered Adsorption Cooling

Solar-powered cooling is an attractive concept in that one utilizes solar energy, which is the largest component of a building’s cooling load, to drive a heat-activated air-conditioning system, thus reducing or eliminating the need for conventional, electric-powered air conditioning. Most solar-powered air-conditioning systems to date have been based on well-known absorption refrigeration, which requires difficult-to-handle […]

September 25, 2008

Nano-fluid Enhanced Solar Collector

Objective To experimentally and numerically assess the performance of nanofluids, liquid-nanoparticle suspensions, in direct-absorption solar thermal collectors. Methodology Experimental assessment of the nanofluids for direct-absorption solar thermal collectors has been conducted using a micro-collector.

September 25, 2008

Aerial Remote Sensing of the Urban Heat Islands

Objective Record the surface temperature profile of highly developed areas of Chicago, Illinois. Methodology Record infrared and digital video from an aerial platform (helicopter) during two different times; once during the peak day and again after sunset. Significance The City of Chicago